The Brain and Spine Institute is made up of experts in the field of neuroscience in order to bring patients the best healthcare in East Tennessee for a full range of neurological diseases and disorders.
Achalasia is a rare disease of the muscle of the esophagus (swallowing tube). The term achalasia means "failure to relax" and refers to the inability of the lower esophageal sphincter (a ring of muscle situated between the lower esophagus and the stomach) to open and let food pass into the stomach. As a result, patients with achalasia have difficulty in swallowing food.
Treatments for achalasia include: oral medications that help to relax the lower esophageal sphincter, dilation (stretching of the lower esophageal sphincter) or esophagomyotomy (surgery to cut the sphincter). These treatments reduce the pressure within the lower esophageal sphincter to allow easier passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach.